Community Assessment Windshield Survey Example

Caring for Populations: Milestone1: Community Windshield Survey Form

This post provides a guideline for a community windshield survey and starts by defining community windshield survey and how to conduct a community assessment windshield survey and the framework of a community windshield survey example. The post also elaborates on the community health windshield survey as described in Caring for Populations: Milestone1: Community Windshield Survey Form.

Directions: Please refer to the Milestone 1: Community Windshield Survey Guidelines
Criteria Your response
1. Community introduction:
Identify the community you will be using for this assignment. It should be the area where you live or the area surrounding your work setting.
2. Windshield survey
a. vitality
b. Indicators of social and economic conditions
c. Health resources
d. Environmental conditions related to health
e. Social functioning
f. Attitude toward healthcare
3. Conclusion:
Provide a summary of your findings and your conclusion. What problems did you identify?
4. References:
OPTIONAL: List any references that you cited.

community windshield survey example
community windshield survey example

 

NR443 Guidelines for Caring for Populations Milestone 1: Community Windshield Survey

PURPOSE
The purpose of this assignment is to complete a direct observational assessment of a community in your area. This windshield survey will be the initial step in uncovering a community health problem in your area and identifying community dynamics. This problem will be further assessed in the following two assignments.
COURSE OUTCOMES
This assignment enables the student to meet the following course outcomes.
CO #2. Integrate clinical judgment in professional decision-making and implementation of the nursing process through analysis of community health nursing practice. (PO#4)
CO #5. Analyze the nursing roles in the community health setting. (PO #7)
CO #7. Accept accountability for personal and professional development as part of the life-long learning process. (PO #5)
DIRECTIONS for the community assessment windshield survey

You will type your answers directly onto this Word document. Your form does NOT need to follow APA formatting; however, you are expected to use correct grammar, spelling, syntax and write in complete sentences.
1. Introduction to the Community: Identify the community you will be using for this assignment and provide a brief one to the two-paragraph description of the community. Your community should be the area where you live or the area surrounding your work setting of the community assessment windshield survey
2. Windshield Survey: Assess your community by doing an informal windshield survey. Information about the components of a windshield survey is located in your textbook, Nies & McEwen (2011) on page 97 (Box 6-2). Before you do the caring for populations milestone1 community windshield survey form paper, drive through the area and report your observations by describing each of the following six areas using the questions in the text as your guide (one to two paragraphs each):

  • Community vitality- Community assessment should factor the community as a client, here’s an example

Community as Client

While community health nurses work to improve the health of communities, they must first take into account the dynamics and resources of the community. The community is essentially the nurse’s client and therefore needs to be a part of the team in which decisions are made and a plan is put into place. All parties must be respected and the nurse needs to make use of all resources and strengths the community already has in place. When putting together a health plan it is important to involve the client at equal levels, which in this case is an entire community structure (Harkness & DeMarco, 2012).

  • Indicators of social and economic conditions
  • Health resources
  • Environmental conditions related to health
  • Social functioning
  • Attitude toward healthcare

It is helpful to conduct this community assessment windshield survey at least two different times: during the day or evening, on a weekday, and/or on the weekend. If possible, plan on asking someone to drive during your survey so that you can take notes.
3. Conclusion: Provide a summary of your findings. The information gathered during the community assessment windshield survey should assist you to identify a community health problem that will be further assessed in the next assignment.
4. References: The purpose of this assignment is to document your observations of your community. Outside sources are not required. However, if sources are used, these sources must be cited within the form and listed in the Reference section of your caring for populations milestone1 community windshield survey form
BEST PRACTICES IN PREPARING THE FORM
The following are best practices in preparing this project:
• Make sure all elements of the form are included in your community assessment windshield survey
• Review directions and grading rubric below thoroughly.
• Cite any outside references as above (these are optional).
• Proofread prior to final submission of the caring for populations milestone1 community windshield survey form

community windshield survey example
community windshield survey example

Community windshield survey example

Community is important to the health of an individual. By assessing a community and being able to recognize its strengths and weaknesses, the community nurse is able to help develop a plan to improve the overall health of the community. A windshield survey is one way to begin to assess the community and its needs. In the following, this nurse will discuss what a community is, how it is important to health, how the community can work with the public health nurse, and how all of this can tie into the new Healthy People 2020 initiative. A complete windshield survey of the Village of Kingsley will be given as an example of how the public health nurse can go about improving the total health of a community.

Community Windshield Survey of the Village of Kingsley

Public health or community nurses are very important to communities and community health. Aspects of a community are important to the community’s health and should be addressed. To begin assessing a community to find its personalized healthcare needs and goals, it is helpful to do a windshield survey. The following will include a windshield survey of the Village of Kingsley. It will highlight important areas of health that the community could work to improve and discuss the importance of a health indicator from Healthy People 2020.

Community

The community can be defined in many ways and often differs from person to person. MacQueem et. al. (2001) researched what community meant and found a definition that most people in their study agree upon. Their definition is “a group of people with diverse characteristics who are linked by social ties, share common perspectives, and engage in joint action in geographical locations or settings” (MacQueem et. al., 2001, p. 1929). Within this definition, there are five elements to help define community; locus (sense of place), sharing (common ideas and interests), joint action (cohesion and identity), social ties (relationships), and diversity (different interactions) (MacQueem, 2001). A community has a shared sense of togetherness and belonging. Members can rely on each other, use individual strengths, work together and thus make a stronger whole.

Community Health windshield Survey

When looking at community health one must first look back to the definition of community. People work together to form a community. Therefore, the health of the community relies on all members of that community. It looks at the bigger picture of health, not on the individual level, but on the group level. Community health relies on how well the community works together. For instance, if all members of the community receive their vaccinations, certain diseases will be prevented. By relying on the strengths of the community, the bigger picture can be seen and community health can improve (MacQueem, 2001).

Community as Client

While community health nurses work to improve the health of communities, they must first take into account the dynamics and resources of the community. The community is essentially the nurse’s client and therefore needs to be a part of the team in which decisions are made and a plan is put into place. All parties must be respected and the nurse needs to make use of all resources and strengths the community already has in place. When putting together a health plan it is important to involve the client at equal levels, which in this case is an entire community structure (Harkness & DeMarco, 2012).

Healthy People 2020 Leading Health Indicator in the community windshield survey example

One very important health indicator from Healthy People 2020 is nutritional status, physical activity, and obesity. One goal for this section is to increase the expanse of adults who accomplish the recommended amount of aerobic activity and muscle-strengthening activity. The goal for 2020 is for 20% of adults to meet the goal set. Community health nurses can help with this goal by being role models. Nurses can participate in activities in the community, volunteer at exercise events, and host programs to increase activity in the community (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2013).

Health Risks for the Village of Kingsley (community windshield survey example)

Four main health risks were determined after completing the windshield survey of the community of Kingsley (Appendix A). The first risk the community needs to realize is the transportation to health facilities. Most doctor offices are in a town that is twenty miles away. This is also where the nearest hospital is located. The second risk is the percentage of the population living in poverty or in the lower class of society. Many individuals and families in Kingsley have little means to provide healthcare and dental care for themselves and their families. This will increase the risk of chronic health conditions, poor nutritional status, and overall poor health. The third risk is the rate of obesity. Although this nurse has not seen any statistics on the Village of Kingsley, there were many overweight and obese individuals seen in the community while doing the windshield survey. Obesity increases the risk of numerous other chronic conditions, healthcare problems and costs. Finally, the fourth risk is the lack of nearby emergency services. There is no police station or hospital within twenty miles of the Village. This poses a vast risk for emergency situations, specifically. Although there is a volunteer fire department and ambulance, it often will take a lengthy period of time to get emergency vehicles out to houses in need. These are all areas the community nurse and community could make a health plan for and focus on for future health improvements.

community assessment windshield survey Conclusion

Individuals often identify themselves as being a part of a community. The Village of Kingsley has a respectable sense of community. Individuals value the community and everyone works together to keep the community clean, safe, and a place where people would like to live. The school system is outstanding, many resources are nearby, people are involved in organizations, and the community has a sense of pride. These things help with the general health of the community, which is doing well. Overall, there are some areas the community can work on with relation to health. Even though the Village of Kingsley is on the right path, the community health nurse can help adapt a plan for these areas.

References 

Grand Traverse County. (2014). GIS interactive mapping. Retrieved from: http://gis.co.grand-traverse.mi.us/gis/

Harkness, G.A., & DeMarco, R.F. (2012). Community and public health nursing practice: Evidence for practice. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott.

MacQueem, K.M., McLellan, E., Metzger, D.S., Kegeles, S., Strauss, R.P., Scotti, R., Blanchard, L., & Trotter, R.T. (2001). What is community? An evidence-based definition for participatory public health. American Journal of Public Health. 91(12): 1929–1938.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2013). Healthy people 2020: Leading health indicators. Retrieved from: http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/LHI/infographicGallery.aspx community windshield survey example

Windshield Survey Nursing Paper Example
Windshield Survey Nursing Paper Example

caring for populations milestone1 community windshield survey form Appendix A

community assessment windshield survey Example

Housing and zoning

The neighborhood consists of 60-100 year old, wood built, ranch style, detached, single family houses. There is space in the front and back of the houses. Houses are in good condition, well kept on the east side while some houses are in disrepair on the west side. Modern plumbing is in place with city water and sanitary systems. Natural gas is available for heat and most homes do not have air conditioning.

Transportation

Most people in the neighborhood walk, ride bikes or drive cars and trucks.   There is a sidewalk that lines the main street.   A major highway moves through the center of the village. Many residents work in a bigger nearby city and thus use cars and trucks to travel to work. Public buses are available twice a day when called ahead of time. It would be hard to live in this area without owning good transportation.

 

Race and ethnicity

The majority of the neighborhood is of the Caucasian race. An African American family runs the gym. A few families of Hispanic decent are in the neighborhood as well, but all speak English fluently. There are no other indices of ethnicity in the neighborhood.

 

 

Open space

There is a good amount of open space with three parks. Houses are about 1000-2000 square feet and sit on lots about 1/3 of an acre (Grand Traverse County, 2014). Lawns are green and manicured. Many plants and flowers line streets and yards. There are trees in the green center of the street and many shrubs and lighting lining the main street. The open space is public and used by many families in the neighborhood and individuals in the outskirts of the village as well.

Service centers

There are three parks, mostly utilized in the summer. One has a playground and splash pad. Another is used for softball, soccer and other outdoor sports. One park has many children sledding. Schools are very busy, with school of choice the elementary school is at capacity. There is one health clinic and a pharmacy within the village limits. The village also has a gym, a youth center, a youth clinic, and a library which are frequented often.

Religion and Politics

The residents are mostly Christian denomination. There is a Baptist and Methodist church within the village. Some residents travel 5 miles outside of the village to a Catholic church. The churches are very involved in the community. They have events, youth groups, food pantries, and are in use much more than just Sunday mornings.

 

There is mixed party affiliation in the village. There are some political signs as election days approach.

Boundaries

Kingsley is a small village with residential housing and businesses. There are signs displayed when entering the village from the north, east and west. It is surrounded by wooded land and farmland.

Stores and Street People

There is a grocery store about a quarter mile from the center of the village and a dollar store about a half mile. There are also two thrift stores and a pharmacy in the center of the village. Most people drive to the grocery store, but you also see many people walking.

 

Mothers and kids are seen walking the streets, along with some elderly individuals and workers as you approach the center of the village which has more commercial buildings. There are dogs tied up or behind fences. No stray animals are seen. Wildlife such as turkeys and squirrels are visitors as well.

Health and Morbidity

There are some obese individuals in the community along with many elderly individuals. There is one blind individual who often walks down the sidewalks and streets. There are no signs of addiction, communicable diseases, or mental illness while driving through the village. The nearest hospital is twenty miles from the center of the village. There is a health clinic, youth health clinic, and dentist office within the village.

Commons

There are three parks that are utilized more so in the summer months. “The Rock” is a youth center within walking distance of the school which is a neighborhood hangout for preteens and teens. The library and Subway are also popular hangouts. These areas will welcome strangers or the regular visitors.

 

Signs of decay

This neighborhood is on its way up. It has grown significantly in the past ten years. It is “alive” as it seems busy and clean. There is no trash, abandoned cars or houses, or houses beyond repair. There is an occasional real estate sign, but not many at the moment. Yes, there is mixed zoning usage, houses next to commercial properties.

 

Media

Most houses have cable or satellite entertainment. There are a few outdoor television antennas. The Record Eagle and Detroit Free Press are available to residents at the store and many have them delivered to their homes. There are a variety of magazines available in the store. Residents seem to rely mostly on television or the internet and cell phones for media coverage.

 

 

 

 

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