Describe the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and how it is used. 3. Explain how psychological disorders are classified. 4. List and describe the major types of psychological disorders. 5. List the biological and psychological approaches to studying the etiology of psychopathology. 6. Summarize the genetic and psychosocial research related to the origins of schizophrenia, including subtypes and etiology. 7. Identify sources of error in judgments of mental illness. 8. Discuss stigmas against mental illness and how they can be overcome. Objectives 22 After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to: 1. Describe early approaches to identifying and treating mental illness. 2. Identify the major approaches to psychotherapy. 3. Describe how psychiatrists, psychoanalysts, and clinical psychologists differ in their training and therapeutic orientations. 4. Identify the major features of psychoanalysts and explain the purposes of each. 5. Explain the goals of various behavior therapies. 6. Describe how counterconditioning can be used effectively to treat phobias. 7. Summarize the major rationale behind all types of cognitive therapies. 8. Describe the use of psychosurgery and electroconvulsive shock in the treatment of mental illness. 9. Identify the common forms of drug therapy and how they have changed the mental health system. 10. Summarize research on the effectiveness of psychotherapy. 11. Summarize the main features of client-centered therapy and Gestalt therapy and how these reflect the existential-humanistic perspective. Objectives 23 After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to: 1. Define stress and list the major sources of stress. 2. Describe the role of cognitive appraisal in stress. 3. Describe the major physiological stress reactions, including the general adaptation syndrome. 4. Explain the relationship between stress and illness. 5. Describe various kinds of events that can lead to psychological stress. 6. Describe the types of coping strategies in coping with stress. 7. Explain the mind-body relationship in terms of the biopsychosocial model of health and illness. 8. Describe the effects of self-disclosure on health. 9. Describe biofeedback, how it works, and its role in behavioral medicine. 10. Discuss how personality types relate to different health outcomes. 11. List some things you can do to reduce your stress level, promote your health, and protect yourself from job burnout. Objectives 24 After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to: 1. Describe how psychologists try to improve the human condition through the application of social psychological principles to social problems. 2. Identify at least three important stress factors for space travelers, and discuss how studying those problems can help people on Earth. 3. Define peace psychology and conflict negotiation. 4. Describe the problems faces by legal professionals when children serve as eyewitnesses. 5. Identify several signs that people are not getting enough sleep and identify the risks associated with sleep deprivation. Objectives 25 After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to: 1. Describe some of the differences between EEG, ERP, CAT, MRI, PET, and fMRI techniques. 2. Describe how fMRI can be used to study visual pathways. 3. Describe some of the brain structures that underlie face recognition. 4. Support the similarity of imagery and perception by discussing the brain activity they have in common. 5. Explain how brain research can be used to help dyslexics learn to process language stimuli more effectively.