. Compare the value and accuracy of standardized and projective tests of personality. Objectives 16 After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to: 1. Define assessment. 2. Describe several ways to measure the reliability and validity of a psychological test. 3. Identify the contributions of Galton, Binet, Terman and Weschler to the science of measuring intelligence. 4. Explain how IQ is computed. 5. Summarize Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences. 6. Describe the evidence for the genetic and environmental bases of intelligence. 7. List the four methodological techniques used the gather information on a person. 8. Discuss the links among intelligence, creativity, and madness. 9. Explain the function of vocational interest tests. 10. Discuss the controversies surrounding intelligence assessment. Objectives 17 After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to: 1. Define and compare the difference among these terms: sex, gender, gender identity, and gender role. 2. Explain the role of pheromones in sexual arousal. 3. Describe evolutionary theory as it applies to sexual behavior. 4. Describe the similarities in and differences between males and females in the sexual response cycle and mating. 5. Summarize current research on homosexuality. Objectives 18 After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to: 1. Describe Erikson’s eight psychosocial stages. 2. List the physical changes associated with aging. 3. Summarize the tasks of adolescence. 4. Discuss the central concerns of adulthood. 5. List the strengths and weaknesses of Kohlberg’s cognitive approach to moral development, describe the controversies around the issues of gender and cultural differences in moral judgment, and discuss the distinction between moral behavior and moral judgment. 6. Identify cultural factors that place youth at risk for unhealthy development. 7. Discuss the importance of attachment in social development. 8. List the biological and social factors that can affect health and sexuality in later life. 9. Describe the risk factors for an elderly person in a nursing home. Objectives 19 After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to: 1. Describe Philip Zimbardo’s prison experiment and his conclusions about how people’s behavior is constrained by social situations. 2. Describe Solmon Asch’s experiment and his conclusions on the conditions that promote conformity. 3. Compare the major leadership styles in Lewin’s experiment and describe their effects on each group of boys. 4. Describe Stanley Milgram’s obedience experiments and his conclusions about conditions that promote blind obedience. 5. Describe the phenomenon of bystander intervention and how it reflects another aspect of situational forces. 6. Describe Serge Moscovici’s work on the influence of the minority on the majority. 7. Discuss various factors that contribute to aggressive behavior. 8. Explain why experimental research is necessary for understanding social influences on behavior. Objectives 20 After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to: 1. Explain the fundamental attribution error. 2. Describe attribution theory. 3. Explain self-perception theory. 4. Summarize Rosenthal’s experiment that demonstrates the Pygmalion effect and explain its relation to self-fulfilling prophecies. 5. Describe the effect of cognitive dissonance on behavior and attitude change. 6. Describe the techniques used by cults to maintain control over their members. Objectives 21 After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to: 1. Identify the seven criteria commonly used to determine abnormal behavior.