WHAT IS THE GENETIC INFORMATION NONDISCRIMINATION ACT OF 2008 (GINA)?
Question 1 Newborn screening reveals that newborn Jessica has inherited phenylketonuria (PKU). Her parents are distraught at the diagnosis, but a nutritionist explains that Jessica can be treated, right away. The treatment for PKU is heritable gene therapy. nonheritable gene therapy. exchange of her blood supply. dietary. Question 2 Provision 1 of the American Nurses Association Code of Ethics (2015) includes “the nurse practices with compassion and respect for the inherent dignity, worth, and unique attributes of every person.” True False Question 3 Rita has been diagnosed with HER2 breast cancer, and is prescribed Herceptin. The approach of basing a drug prescription on the results of a single-gene test is called pharmacogenetics. pharmacophenetics. pharmacogenomics. enzyme replacement therapy. Question 4 Approximately10% of children in the U.S. are predicted to have a poor metabolizer (PM) phenotype for the medication morphine. True False Question 5 Nurses are key to bridging the gaps and moving knowledge forward to help patients with regard to genetics and genomics. True False Question 6 Leber congenital amaurosis type 2 has been successfully treated using gene therapy. True False Question 7 What is the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA)? A Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. A Federal law that sets national standards for protecting the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic protected health information. A Federal law that prevents health insurers and employers from discriminating based on an individual’s genetic information. A Federal law that put in place comprehensive health insurance reforms that have improved access, affordability, and quality in health care for Americans. Question 8 Maxwell needs to take an anti-depressant drug. He enrolls in a clinical trial to detect genetic variants and gene expression profiles associated with response to various drugs. This approach to selecting a therapeutic drug is called pharmacogenetics. pharmacogenomics. pharmacology. recombinant DNA technology. Question 9 One of the first applications of pharmacogenetics in prescribing drugs is for warfarin, a blood thinner. Accutane, an acne drug. a narcotic to treat chronic pain. an early pregnancy test kit. Question 10 Unlike cholesterol checks and chest x-rays, the results of genetic tests may have repercussions to family members who share genotypes that can affect health. True False