PHA1500 A Structure and Function of the Human Body Module 05 Quiz The Digestive and Reproductive Systems Question 1 Which cells are located between the seminiferous tubules and produce testosterone? Answers: Germ cells Interstitial cells Sertoli cells Oocytes Question 2 Where is most fat digested? Answers: Duodenum Large intestine Mouth Stomach Question 3 Where are sperm produced? Answers: Seminal vesicle Epididymis Seminiferous tubules Spermatic cord Question 4 What statement best describes the role of the epididymis? Answers: Produces sperm Allows sperm to mature and is a storage location for sperm Produces the hormone testosterone Produces fluids that are ejaculated with the sperm Question 5 The majority of semen consists of: Answers: Sperm Prostatic fluid Seminal vesicle fluid Bulbourethral fluid Question 6 Which type of nutrient is considered sugars and is the primary energy source for the body? Answers: Lipids Proteins Carbohydrates Vitamins Question 7 During ovulation, a mature egg cell is ovulated from the uterus into the fallopian tube. Answers: True False Question 8 The accessory organ of the digestive system that produces digestive enzymes is the: Answers: Small intestine Liver Gallbladder Pancreas Question 9 What is true of the uterine (menstrual) cycle? Answers: It describes the changes that occur within the uterus and vagina. It involves the development of the inner layer of the uterus for a possible fertilized egg. Hormones secreted from the vagina influence the uterine (menstrual) cycle. Estrogen and progesterone have no influence on the uterine (menstrual) cycle. Question 10 Which enzyme begins the breakdown of starch in the mouth? Answers: Amylase Lipase Pepsin Trypsin Question 11 The pancreas produces digestive enzymes that are secreted into the small intestine. Answers: True False Question 12 Erectile tissues are found in the shaft of the penis that fill with blood to allow for erection. Answers: True False Question 13 Which layer of the alimentary canal is exposed to the food we eat and ingest? Answers: Submucosa Mucosa Serosa Muscularis layer Question 14 Bile and pancreatic juices are secreted into the duodenum of the small intestine. Answers: True False Question 15 During which phase of the ovarian cycle does a spike in LH cause the follicle to rupture and release the ovum? Answers: Follicular phase Ovulation Luteal phase Menstration Question 16 Which organ of the female reproductive system produces the eggs and sex hormones estrogen and progesterone? Answers: Uterus Vagina Ovary Fallopian tubes Question 17 Mechanical digestion is dependent upon digestive enzymes. Answers: True False Question 18 Most of the mechanical digestion occurs in the small intestines. Answers: True False Question 19 Which term refers to a muscular tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach? Answers: Duodenum Esophagus Ileum Larynx Question 20 What structure secretes progesterone during the last half of the ovarian cycle? Answers: Acini Corpus albicans Corpus luteum Ovarian follicle

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