PHA1500 A Structure and Function of the Human Body Module 03 Quiz General Senses and the Endocrine System Question 1 Which cells of the pancreas secrete the hormone somatostatin? Answers: Alpha cells Beta cells, Delta cells Red blood cells Question 2 Low energy, fatigue, weight gain, dry skin, hair loss, and constipation are some symptoms associated with a decreased production and secretion of which hormone? Answers: Thyroid hormone Melatonin Cortisol Insulin Question 3 Secretion of which hormone will decrease the blood glucose (sugar) levels? Answers: Growth hormone Melatonin Calcitonin Insulin Question 4 The general senses are only found in localized areas of the body, such as the head, and include pain, touch, and temperature sensation. Answers: True False Question 5 Which hormone influences the body’s metabolism rate? Answers: Cortisol Thyroid hormone Insulin Melatonin Question 6 Which receptors respond to tissue damage from trauma? Answers: Chemoreceptors Mechanoreceptors Thermoreceptors Nociceptors Question 7 Hypothyroidism is a condition marked by a lowered metabolic rate which may cause fatigue and weight gain. Answers: True False Question 8 The adrenal glands are located on top of each kidney. Answers: True False Question 9 Seasonal affective disorder is linked to low levels of melatonin. Answers: True False Question 10 Which endocrine gland secretes a hormone that influences the sleep-wake cycle? Answers: Thyroid gland Adrenal gland Pituitary gland Pineal gland Question 11 Pain originating from the skin or joint that’s perceived as pain coming from an organ, such as the liver, is called referred pain. Answers: True False Question 12 Which endocrine gland secretes hormones that help the body adapt to stressful situations, reduce inflammation, and prepare the body for physical stimulation? Answers: Thyroid gland Adrenal glands Testes Pineal gland Question 13 Which receptors respond to factors such as pressure and stretch? Answers: Chemoreceptors Mechanoreceptors Thermoreceptors Nociceptors Question 14 When blood calcium levels are low, which hormone is secreted? Answers: Calcitonin Parathyroid hormone Insulin Thyroid hormone Question 15 The spleen secretes the hormones insulin and glucagon. Answers: True False Question 16 Hormones must bind to a receptor on or in the cell to trigger changes within that cell. Answers: True False Question 17 Which hormone stimulates the kidneys to retain water? Answers: Adrenocorticotrophic hormone Prolactin Antidiuretic hormone Oxytocin Question 18 Which endocrine gland is known as the “master gland,” influencing most of the body processes? Answers: Thyroid Pancreas Pituitary Gonads Question 19 Hormones secreted by the hypothalamus and pituitary glands are regulated by a positive feedback loop. Answers: True False Question 20 Slow pain fibers produce a sharp, localized pain at the time of injury. Answers: True False

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