This article provides an answer to the question: Are Arabs genetically indistinguishable from Caucasians?

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Are Arabs genetically indistinguishable from Caucasians?

‘Arab’ as term refers to persons who speak Arabic as their native language, share same or similar traditions, and have same or similar origins- ‘Arab’ is not a race, it is an identity (Boosahda, 2010). The answer to whether Arabs are genetically indistinguishable from Caucasians, can vary when considering the specific geographical area the origins of certain Arabs come from.

For instance, the Lebanese population as a whole is mainly Caucasian with certain Asian traits (Teebi, 2010). Arabs are considered to belong to the Semitic branch of the Caucasian race, originating from the indigenous people of the Arabian Peninsula (Boosahda, 2010).

What is interesting, is that the maternal ancestral lineages of Arabic countries are diverse. For instance, the haplogroups of the Near East were Mt L3 and Mt HV1 haplogroup (Yemen); and in Syria there is a European Maternal gene flow, which can also be seen in Algeria and Tunisia where the rare Scandinavian European U8 haplogroup is present (Zahery et al, 2011).

The Arabs of today are mainly descendants of Phoenicians, Assyrians and Babylonians with predominantly J2 and minority haplogroups (E1b1b, G, J1, L, Q, R1a, R1b, T) (Hay, 2016). What is wrongly perceived, is that the Arabic language predates J1 and J2, 31 000 years old, which is actually incorrect as the Arabic language is roughly 1500 old.

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Are Arabs genetically indistinguishable from Caucasians
Are Arabs genetically indistinguishable from Caucasians

Moreover, the J1-L858 subclade (5,000 years old), ‘associated with Southwest Asian people, very clearly predates the Arabic language… is also found among the Jews (especially Z640 subclade), Lebanese, Syrians and Iraqi’ (Hay, 2016:np). This means that it covers the whole region where ancient Semitic languages were spoken, significantly before the Arabic language even existed. Therefore, it could be said that Arabs are indeed Caucasians with different traits and characteristics.

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Maciamo Hay, (2016). Genetics. Eupedia.

Al-Zahery, N; Pala, M; Battaglia, V; Grugni, V; Hamod, MA; Hooshiar Kashani, B; Olivieri, A; Torroni, A; Santachiara-Benerecetti, AS; Semino, O. (2011). In search of the genetic footprints of Sumerians: a survey of Y-chromosome and mtDNA variation in the Marsh Arabs of Iraq. BMC Evolutionary Biology.

A Teebi. (2010). Genetic Disorders Among Arab Populations. Springer Science & Business Media.

E Boosahda, (2010) Arab-American Faces and Voices: The Origins of an Immigrant Community. Texas: University of Texas Press.

Related FAQs

1. What is the difference between the Caucasian and Caucasia race?

The Caucasian race is said to be made up of the Arabs, the North Africans, Whites, Somalians, and some people in Ethiopia and India. The people of South Asia and North Africa are technically considered to be Caucasia even though their skins have darker features. That concludes that the main difference between the two races is based on color.

2. Are Semitic and Arab people Caucasian?

Semitic and Arab people, along with Berbers & some No. African peoples are indeed Caucasian. What is used by the science of Forensics to determine race are craniofacial and muscular-skeletal structure & placement, along with DNA; not so much skin, hair & eye pigmentation or hair texture.

3. What is the closest Arab-like country to being Caucasian?

Caucasian has absolutely NOTHING to do with Arab and African countries. The closest Arab-like country to be considered Caucasian would be the dirty and disgusting Turks. Turks are regularly darker in skin color compared to the rest of the surrounding countries.

4. Who are the Caucasians?

Caucasian is a word that is used to refer to people belonging to many different parts of the world, including Asia. In fact, Caucasians include people from western, central, and southern Asia.

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