How to write a DNP Capstone Project Literature Review

A literature review provides an overview and critical analysis of a particular piece of literature. This article provides students with an outline for writing a literature review on a DNP capstone project and How to write a DNP capstone project Literature Review in nursing.

DNP capstone project Literature Review Outline

Chapter Two: This chapter includes an exhaustive review of the literature that provides background information about the clinical problem/project topic. This chapter generally is about 10 pages in length.

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Headings and content within this chapter should include the following:

Introduction (Purpose and PICOT Question): begin by providing background information (in other words: provide information about the “state of the science”) in reference to what is known about the project topic and define any additional terms or acronyms if needed.(How to write a DNP Capstone Project Literature Review)

  • Introduce the chapter by informing the reader of exactly what will follow.
  • Open each chapter with a purpose statement
  • Introduce the PICOT (Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, Time) question that will guide the appraisal of the evidence and DNP project.
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Literature Review:

Identify and describe a number of research studies that have addressed the topic of interest.

How to select Sources and the Search Process

How to select Sources and the Search Process for your DNP capstone project Literature Review

  • Identify internal and external sources of evidence used. Discuss the reason for choosing them.
  • Describe the search strategies used to uncover the evidence: keywords, combinations, and limits (inclusion/exclusion criteria) used for each search and outcomes of each search.(How to write a DNP Capstone Project Literature Review)
  • Include number of articles produced from the search and number of articles used to answer your PICOT question.
  • Include a print screen of your search strategy in the appendices. Include number of articles produced from the search and number of articles used to answer your PICOT question.
  • Be specific and explain how you got to the body of evidence that will be critically appraised for quality and its use in practice.

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How to Present Studies and Sources

When describing each research study, include the following information in your DNP capstone project Literature Review:

  • The purpose of the study.
  • The number of subjects in the study and descriptive information about the
  • subjects (e.g., 500 undergraduate nursing students).
  • The study design (qualitative or quantitative? Which type of qualitative or quantitative?) (e.g., Using a randomized controlled trial design, Jones and Bartlett (2019) attempted to…).
  • Instruments (if relevant).(How to write a DNP Capstone Project Literature Review)
  • Results of the study, including which results were and were not significant.

How to conduct Critical Appraisal of the Evidence

Furthermore conduct Critical Appraisal of the Evidence the DNP capstone project Literature Review, be sure to;

  • Evaluate the foundation of research and internal evidence influencing the clinical issue. Discuss the overall strength of the evidence in terms of level of evidence, the validity of the evidence and the confidence to act on the evidence. Discuss the overall strength of the evidence, how and why it would be significant to nursing, patient outcomes and quality healthcare.
  • Discuss your appraisal of the evidence – Evaluate the body evidence as a whole: Including but not limited to: Level of evidence, how well the studies were conducted, and how useful is it to practice. Only use studies in the evaluation table that answer the clinical question.(How to write a DNP Capstone Project Literature Review)
  • The critical appraisal process includes discussion on the studies: Develop evaluation table with the essential elements. Use Rapid Critical Appraisal forms as a guide.
    • Validity:
    • Reliability
    • Applicability
    • Portability
How to write a DNP capstone project Literature Review
How to write a DNP capstone project Literature Review

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  • Discuss the overall strength of the evidence in terms of level of evidence, the validity of the evidence and the confidence to act on the evidence.
    • Compare and contrast findings – reflect on the inconsistencies across studies, major conclusions drawn from each study, clinical implications of findings across studies. Discuss the similarities and differences across studies. (e.g. design & method, sample & setting, and findings & implications).(How to write a DNP Capstone Project Literature Review)
    • Identify and discuss gaps and controversies that might exist in the literature, generalizability based on evaluation of validity of study.
    • Discuss the applicability of the clinical decision that is based on the body of evidence. This may include, but not limited to, the confidence and feasibility of implementing a practice change. i.e. What practice change is warranted? What does the evidence tell you to do?

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Guide on Synthesis of the Evidence

Synthesis of the Evidence that Leads to Implementation of a Practice Change:

  • Transition from appraisal section in summarizing to making decisions based on the evidence reviewed: (Create synthesis tables on items such as but not limited to: level of evidence, study design, findings, interventions, and outcomes.
    • Discuss the synthesis of the evidence and the decision that is made based on the evidence. (Use the synthesis tables to show how decisions were made.
    • What practice change is warranted?(How to write a DNP Capstone Project Literature Review)
    • What does the evidence tell you to do? Intervention, outcomes, and implementation strategies.
    • Findings that flow from the evidence not a restatement of the findings of the studies.
  • Discuss the findings that flow from the evidence, the confidence in the evidence and feasibility of implementing the Evidence.
  • Describe the process for potential implementation of the practice change. Discuss weather this implementation carries greater harm than benefit.
  • Describe the anticipated impact the project will have on a set population. What outcomes (based on the evidence) are expected?
  • What is the Purpose of the Evidence-based Practice Implementation Project?

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This section reflects why this is clinical issue needs to be investigated; discusses the overall strength of the evidence in terms of level of evidence, and quality indicator or national patient safety goals and your next steps.

Summary Paragraph: include a paragraph that summarizes the entire literature review (in other words, summarize what is known and what is not known about the topic of interest based upon what was discovered in the literature review). This
paragraph should lead into the purpose of the project (for example, based on the literature review, we know about this but we do not know about this. Therefore, the purpose of the DNP project is to address __ problem).

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Theoretical Framework: provide an extensive description of the theoretical framework that will be used for the project. This should include a description of the framework, all of the components, propositions, relational statements, etc., and include how the theory ties in with or relates to the project. Images and figures may be included but permission must be obtained from the author and the permission included as an appendix in the manuscript.(How to write a DNP Capstone Project Literature Review)

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In order to do this, we will be using the following five steps:

  1. Identify the specific research question that you will be addressing with your literature review.
  2. Establishing a general framework for examining the literature on your topic.
  3. Describing how the selected texts address your research question.
  4. Evaluating the quality of each text according to your specific criteria.
  5. Overall assessment and conclusion of your review

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