Measuring Results Through Evaluation.


While studying public health issues in the MPH program, you have learned about the process known as evaluation. The evaluation process is a tool to measure our successes and failures; thus, it pertains to everything done in public health. The evaluation demonstrates what we have done and what the results are.

Using the Internet, research the grants and contracting evaluation process. Based on your research, respond to the following:

  • Explain the evaluation process from beginning to end, and describe how you can be sure your program will work by including an evaluation component.
  • What is the most important element of evaluation and why do you believe this tool was the most important?

Give reasons and examples in support of your responses. Be sure to cite any relevant resources.


Remember there are 4 types of evaluation of a public health program. In order to create an appropriate evaluation of your proposed program, you should review each of the 4 types of evaluation: Process, Impact, Outcome, and Summative.


Generally, it’s a great idea to include all 4 types in your grant application to show the grantor that you are ensuring the success of the program can be tracked and recorded. However, evaluation requirements will be detailed in your chosen FOA. You must adhere to its requirements.


Here is one resource for you, but there are many others out there –



Additional Information, this is the initial pitch synopsis please reference this or use it as a guide to tailor this in comparison to the FOA 


African American MSM experiences broader social and economic injustices that place them at a higher risk of HIV infection. Knowing the specific content responsible for behavior change should help design optimal interventions to achieve behavior change goals, such as reducing sexual risk, averting HIV infections, and improving adherence to antiretroviral drugs for those living with HIV. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM), and black MSM in particular, consistently represent the largest proportion of HIV-infected persons in the United States. Although MSM represents approximately 2% of the U.S. population, they accounted for 63% of all new HIV infections in 2010, and black MSM accounted for a larger proportion of new HIV diagnoses than did white or Latino MSM. (Purcell DW, Johnson C, Lansky A, et al, 2012) I have linked and included the National HIV Behavioral surveillance grant FOA.


The purpose of the public health initiative is to reduce the prevalence of HIV/AIDS among African American MSM ages 18-45. Hypothetically, the intervention’s title would be PIN-Positive I’m Negative. The PIN initiative will be in the format of a seven-session, small-group intervention that is ideally specific for African American MSM in addition to all MSM that aims to reduce the behavioral risks for acquiring HIV and other STDs and increase health-protective actions. The intervention focuses on helping African American MSM better understand the social, cultural, and behavioral determinants that affect their HIV/STD risk. Moreover, PIN focuses on perceptions of personal susceptibility to HIV and other STDs; knowledge of STDs and the interrelation between STDs and HIV; awareness of risk-reduction and health-promotion behaviors; skills and self-efficacy related to consistent condom use, condom negotiation, and partner communication; and decisions about testing for HIV/STDs.


For the purpose of preparation, peer-reviewed efforts with the same target population will be reviewed to assess what methods are/have been impactful to the fixed population selected for this proposal. Representatives from the local community organizations to discuss current statistics and new protection methods and treatment options. Part of the discussion also included focusing on popular dismissive attitudes of the U.S. population and within the African American community concerning the dangers of contracting the disease. Testing will be available and the representatives from the local community organizations will be on hand to speak with participants about Men’s Health Issues. Pre and Post Surveys and interactive assessments will be provided to participants to determine if the participant’s made a decision to change their cognitive behavior and habits to avoid contracting HIV/AIDS. To keep abreast with the changed behavior participants will be entered into a raffle to become community health ambassadors to spread the level of understanding and knowledge through community events and activities. 


The following ideal partners would help exemplify the call of action to help guide the direction of the proposed issue: 

State and County Health Departments

National Institutes of Health Office of AIDS Research 

Center for Disease Control and Prevention 

Positive HIV/AIDS community advocates

State/County Newspapers, Radio stations, local TV correspondence  


Health Professionals: Physicians, Clinicians, Nurses, and Disease Specialist 

Consortium groups, and nonprofit organizations 


HIV/AIDS epidemic has presented numerous challenges over the years for particular populations. African-Americans, especially men who have sex with men, are the major victims affected by varying societal perceptions and beliefs towards homosexuality and persons engaging in the vice. In the US, significant progress has been made to approve same-sex relationships, and this has contributed to reduces cases of HIV/AIDS. However, these rates remain high for African-American populations, thus the need to initiate long-term strategies to avert vulnerability to infection. Some of the most effective strategies I will integrate strategies such as enhancing the cognitive ability for changed behavior, dismantle stigma, discrimination, substance abuse, uptake of condoms and lubricants, and community empowerment.


CDC-RFA-PS22-2201 National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control – NCHHSTP. GRANTS.GOV. (n.d.).

Purcell DW, Johnson C, Lansky A, et al. Estimating the population size of men who have sex with men in the United States to obtain HIV and syphilis rates. Open AIDS J. 2012;6:98–107.

Measuring Results Through Evaluation

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