Response to colleague

Ukachi Daniel Esen

Ukachi Daniel Esen

YesterdayJul 27 at 9:41pm

Manage Discussion Entry

First Response

Hi Carline

Thank you for sharing your post. Obesity and depression are among the world’s main public health issues, and the prevalence of depression in obese people is twice that of normal weight (Pereira-Miranda et al., 2017). Obese and depressed people appear to be a specific subset of depressed people in which calorie-limited diets can constitute a promising personalized treatment approach. The immunoendocrine and psychosocial mechanisms are related to a decrease in symptoms of depression. Obesity is associated with many comorbidities, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, and some mental illness, and modest weight loss can significantly improve health‐related outcomes (Fruh, 2017). Evidence has shown the amelioration of depressive symptoms in obese patients after weight loss. Therefore, obese people with comorbid depression can have the extra advantages of easing their depressive symptoms and improving their metabolic profile and cardiovascular risk by practicing dietary interventions (Patsalos et al., 2021).(Obesity and Depression Essay Example)

The advice I would give the client in the case study would include maintaining adherence to his treatment plan, eating three balanced meals a day to help control hunger and drinking plenty of water, eating healthy, performing regular physical exercise, and the importance of lifestyle changes. Lifestyle changes assist obese people can reverse their weight gain.(Obesity and Depression Essay Example)

                                                                                 References

Fruh S. M. (2017). Obesity: Risk factors, complications, and strategies for sustainable long-term weight management. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners29(S1), S3–S14. https://doi.org/10.1002/2327-6924.12510Links to an external site.

Patsalos, O., Keeler, J., Schmidt, U., Penninx, B. W. J. H., Young, A. H., & Himmerich, H. (2021). Diet, obesity, and depression: A systematic review. Journal of Personalized Medicine, 11(3), 176. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11030176Links to an external site.

Pereira-Miranda, E., Costa, P. R. F., Queiroz, V. A. O., Pereira-Santos, M., & Santana, M. L. P. (2017). Overweight and obesity associated with higher depression prevalence in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American College of Nutrition

Obesity and Depression Essay Example-Solution

Response to Colleague

Hello Ukachi,

I am delighted you have responded informatively to my patient SOAP note by highlighting the link between obesity and depression. I agree with your observation that people with comorbid obesity and depression have the upper hand in managing obesity and engaging in weight loss activities, including adhering to treatment plans, consuming balanced diets, and exercising regularly. I also appreciate your identification of the comorbidities associated with obesity, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obstructive sleep apnea.(Obesity and Depression Essay Example)

However, it is crucial to note that managing these health problems is challenging since they exert directly proportional impacts on individuals, such that an increase in obesity increases depression symptoms (Borgland, 2021). For instance, depressed individuals may prefer sedentary life to tiresome and highly involved exercise activities. In this case, the debilitating impacts of depression demotivate them from complying with lifestyle change plans, such as cutting on calories or the benefits of improving their healthcare (Borgland, 2021). Thus, the two health conditions can be alleviated by implementing a comprehensive approach that simultaneously manages both conditions.(Obesity and Depression Essay Example)

I also appreciate your suggestion on adhering to the treatment plan and leading healthy lifestyles in obesity treatment as treatment interventions for obesity and depression. As a result, I suggest other suitable approaches to treating comorbid depression and obesity, such as integrating collaborative care treatment. The approach involves combining weight loss practices with psychotherapy interventions. For instance, Lv et al. (2022) illustrate that combining cognitive behavioral therapy with weight loss management increases the potential of treating depression and obesity. Additionally, the comorbid health problems can be ameliorated with an initial treatment of depression, then focusing on weight loss (Borgland, 2021). The approach capitalizes on the fact that depression predisposes individuals to obesity by compelling them to consume extra calories to manage depressive symptoms (Lv et al., 2022). In this case, a reduction in depression can significantly reduce weight gain through healthy eating patterns and a reduction of sedentary behavior. I sincerely thank you for the response; it improves my understanding of the link between obesity and depression.(Obesity and Depression Essay Example)

References

Borgland, S. L. (2021). Can treatment of obesity reduce depression or vice versa? Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN46(2), E313.https://doi.org/10.1503%2Fjpn.210036

Lv, N., Kringle, E. A., & Ma, J. (2022). Integrated behavioral interventions for adults with comorbid obesity and depression: A systematic review. Current Diabetes Reports, 22(4), 157-168. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11892-022-01458-z

(Obesity and Depression Essay Example)

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