Role of Nurse Informaticist in System Development

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NURS 6051 Portfolio Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation

Role of Nurse Informaticist in System Development

Advancement in technology and its integration in health to enhance patient safety and workflow efficiency influence additional roles and responsibilities for nurses, especially during the implementation of new systems (Koivunen & Saranto, 2018). Health information technology (HIT) is a core component of enhancing patient care, making informed decisions about care delivery and developing care plans through inter-professional collaboration. Nurses deploy HIT to enhance patient care, better care coordination, and increase accessibility to patient health information and efficiency (Ihsan & Kadir, 2018). The implementation of a new information system in healthcare settings needs the participation of nurses during all stages of the system development life cycle (SDLC). The purpose of this assignment is to discuss the role of a graduate nurse to guide involvement in the implementation team of a new HIT system. The description focuses on nurses’ role based on the SDLC stages and tasks and their participation in each stage.

Role Description

a). Planning and Requirement Definition

The planning and requirement definition is the first phase of the SDLC process and entails evaluation of the scope of the present system and overview of the proposed new system and its objectives. Considerations include cost, time, benefits and other critical components of the system. In this phase, stakeholders also consider constraints, threats, and security issues linked to the proposed system. At this stage, the graduate-level nurse has significant roles in the SDLC process (Laureate Education, 2018). The nurse participates in the interdisciplinary team to identify system’s requirements and service delivery elements. As end user, the nurse focuses on how the new system should meet the different care needs (Yen et al., 2017). The graduate nurse can also assist testing and identifying design flaws in the new system to ensure that it captures all needs and requirements. The nurse identifies concerns and needs of the frontline workers to ascertain that the system is customized to deal with the emerging challenges and care demands.

b). Analysis

The analysis stage entails establishing system’s process and workflows. The stage also involves determining if the system meets the requirements and evaluating any need for changes. The phase provides a chance to ensure that end-user needs are incorporates into the system to meet expectations. The stage comprises of requirements’ definition, and prototype of the new system. The graduate nurse plays an essential role while working with the interdisciplinary team in identifying critical problems that the system may have to the end-user and generate possible solutions or alternatives from the team (Laureate Education, 2018b). The nurse explains components that were working in the previous system with the developer to determine what needs to be added and its overall impact on the information infrastructure. Through the guidelines and inputs, the team ensures that it does not deploy a faulty system that fails to meet the aspirations of the facility.

c). Designing the new System

The design phase comprises of knowing the databases, applications, and user interfaces. These components represent the functional aspects of the system for effective delivery to work flawlessly. At this point, the team produces reports, mockups, and prototypes to determine possible problems to ensure that it meets the requirements (Wager et al., 2017). In this phase, the graduate nurse plays a limited role due to the technical nature. However, the nurse recommends certain operational approaches to improve the system’s functioning. The nurse should also establish the applicability of the system to meet end-user’s informational needs.

d). Implementation Phase

The implementation phase is the most important as most of system coding for the program happens here and leading to the system’s production. The developer transfers data and components from the old system to the new one and installs and rolls it out for end-users (Magnuson & Dixon, 2020). In partnership with the interdisciplinary team, the graduate nurse undertakes system performance evaluation. The nurse also helps in recognizing chances for redesigning where the evaluation process suggests so. The nurse helps in offering education and training other nurses and staff members on the working of the new system.

e). Post-Implementation Support

The post-implementation phase consists the testing and maintenance of the adopted system. The system developer needs to test the system before delivering it to the organization. Testing purposes to ascertain that the system offers appropriate output and solves issues it is expected to address. The gradate nurse ensures that the output offered by the system aligns with the health care infrastructure needs, especially end-user requirements and interface (Mathews et al., 2019). The system should meet nursing documentation roles like capturing, storing, and retrieving information for effective, and informed decision making. The graduate nurse ensures that all issues experienced post-implementation are addressed and system developers have strategies to upgrade and make it capture the different organizational needs.

Conclusion

A graduate nurse is an essential component of developing a new system based on the various stage of the SDCL. The nurse acts as a leader, contributor through input, and guidelines the team on the scope to meet needs based on the requirements. from planning to the post-implementation phase, the nurse helps to make the system better and capture all needs of end-user nurses in meeting care delivery needs based on identified population.

References

Ihsan, S. N., & Kadir, T. A. A. (2018). Adoption of Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC)

Model in Games Development Framework for Serious Games Applications. Advanced Science Letters, 24(10), 7300-7304. https://doi.org/10.1166/asl.2018.12932

Koivunen, M., & Saranto, K. (2018). Nursing professionals’ experiences of the facilitators and

barriers to the use of telehealth applications: a systematic review of qualitative studies. Scandinavian journal of caring sciences, 32(1), 24-44. https://doi.org/10.1111/scs.12445

Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Systems Implementation [Video file]. Baltimore, MD:

Author.

Laureate Education (Producer). (2018b). Managing Health Information Technology [Video file].

Baltimore, MD: Author.

Mathews, S. C., McShea, M. J., Hanley, C. L., Ravitz, A., Labrique, A. B., & Cohen, A. B.

(2019). Digital health: a path to validation. NPJ digital medicine, 2(1), 1-9.

Magnuson, J. A., & Dixon, B. E. (Eds.). (2020). Public health informatics and information

systems. Springer Nature.

Wager, K. A., Lee, F. W., & Glaser, J. P. (2017). Health care information systems: a practical

approach for health care management. John Wiley & Sons.

McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2018). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Yen, P. Y., Phillips, A., Kennedy, M. K., & Collins, S. (2017). Nursing informatics competency

assessment for the nurse leader: instrument refinement, validation, and psychometric analysis. JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration, 47(5), 271-277. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNA.0000000000000478.

Assume you are a nurse manager on a unit where a new nursing documentation system is to be implemented. You want to ensure that the system will be usable and acceptable for the nurses impacted. You realize a nurse leader must be on the implementation team.

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Role of Nurse Informaticist in System Development
Role of Nurse Informaticist in System Development

To Prepare:

  • Review the steps of the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) and reflect on the scenario presented.
  • Consider the benefits and challenges associated with involving a nurse leader on an implementation team for health information technology.

The Assignment: (2-3 pages)

In preparation of filling this role, develop a 2- to 3-page role description for a graduate-level nurse to guide his/her participation on the implementation team. The role description should be based on the SDLC stages and tasks and should clearly define how this individual will participate in and impact each of the following steps:

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Planning and requirements definition

Analysis

Design of the new system

Implementation

Post-implementation support

By Day 7 of Week 10

Submit your completed Role Description.

Submission and Grading Information

To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

  • Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK10Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
  • Click the Week 10 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
  • Click the Week 10 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
  • Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK10Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
  • If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
  • Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.
  • Due to the nature of this assignment, your instructor may require more than 5 days to provide you with quality feedback. NURS 6051 Portfolio Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation

Module 5: The Nurse Leader and the System Development Life Cycle (Weeks 9-10)

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Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Systems Implementation [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Learning Objectives
Students will:
Analyze how inclusion of the nurse in the purchasing of health information technology systems impacts healthcare organizations
Analyze the impact of nurse inclusion on each step of the systems development life cycle
Due By
Assignment
Week 9, Days 1–2
Read/Watch/Listen to the Learning Resources.
Compose your initial Discussion post.
Week 9, Day 3
Post your initial Discussion post.
Begin to compose your Assignment.
Week 9, Days 4-5
Review peer Discussion posts.
Compose your peer Discussion responses.
Continue to compose your Assignment.
Week 9, Day 6
Post at least two peer Discussion responses on two different days (and not the same day as the initial post).
Week 9, Day 7
Wrap up Discussion.
Week 10, Days 1-6
Continue to compose your Assignment.
Week 10, Day 7
Deadline to submit your Assignment.
Photo Credit: [Ariel Skelley]/[Blend Images]/Getty Images

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Role of Nurse Informaticist in System Development
Role of Nurse Informaticist in System Development

Learning Resources
Required Readings
McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2017). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Chapter 9, “Systems Development Life Cycle: Nursing Informatics and Organizational Decision Making” (pp. 175–187)
Chapter 12, “Electronic Security” (pp. 229–242)
Chapter 13, “Workflow and Beyond Meaningful Use” (pp. 245–261)
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (n.d.a). Health IT evaluation toolkit and evaluation measures quick reference guide. Retrieved September 27, 2018, from https://healthit.ahrq.gov/health-it-tools-and-resources/evaluation-resources/health-it-evaluation-toolkit-and-evaluation-measures-quick-reference
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (n.d.b). Workflow assessment for health IT toolkit. Retrieved September 27, 2018, from https://healthit.ahrq.gov/health-it-tools-and-resources/evaluation-resources/workflow-assessment-health-it-toolkit
Required Media
Louis, I. (2011, August 17). Systems development life cycle (SDLC) [Video file].

Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Interoperability, Standards, and Security [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Accessible player –Downloads–
Download Video w/CC
Download Audio
Download Transcript
Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Managing Health Information Technology [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Accessible player –Downloads–
Download Video w/CC
Download Audio
Download Transcript

Rubric Detail

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Name: NURS_5051_Module05_Week10_Assignment_Rubric
Grid View
List View
Excellent Good Fair Poor
Develop a 2- to 3-page role description for a graduate-level nurse to guide his/her participation on the implementation team. The role description should be based on the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) stages and tasks and should clearly define how this individual will participate in and impact each of the following steps:

· Planning and requirements definition

· Analysis

· Design of the new system

· Implementation

· Post-implementation support
77 (77%) – 85 (85%)
An accurate and fully developed role description is provided for the Assignment and fully supports the guidance of a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC.

The responses accurately and thoroughly define in detail a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC.

The responses accurately and thoroughly explain in detail the impacts of a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC.

Includes: 3 or more peer-reviewed sources and 2 or more course resources.
68 (68%) – 76 (76%)
A role description is provided for the Assignment and supports the guidance of a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC.

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Role of Nurse Informaticist in System Development
Role of Nurse Informaticist in System Development

The responses define a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC.

The responses explain the impact of the graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC.

Includes: 2 peer-reviewed sources and 2 course resources.
60 (60%) – 67 (67%)
A vague or inaccurate role description is provided for the Assignment and vaguely or inaccurately provides guidance to a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC.

The responses defining the graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC are vague or inaccurate.

The responses explaining the impact of the graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC are vague or inaccurate.

Includes: 1 peer-reviewed source and 1 course resource.
0 (0%) – 59 (59%)
A vague and inaccurate role description is provided for the Assignment which does not provide guidance to a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC, or are missing.

The responses defining the graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC are vague and inaccurate, or are missing.

The responses explaining the impact of the graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC are vague and inaccurate, or are missing.

Includes: 1 or fewer resources.
Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:

Paragraphs make clear points that support well developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused–neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance.
5 (5%) – 5 (5%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.
4 (4%) – 4 (4%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.
3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%- 79% of the time.
0 (0%) – 3 (3%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.
Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:

Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation
5 (5%) – 5 (5%)
Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.
4 (4%) – 4 (4%)
Contains a few (1-2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.
3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)
Contains several (3-4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.
0 (0%) – 3 (3%)
Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.
Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, running head, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list. NURS 6051 Portfolio Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation
5 (5%) – 5 (5%)
Uses correct APA format with no errors.
4 (4%) – 4 (4%)
Contains a few (1-2) APA format errors.
3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)
Contains several (3-4) APA format errors.
0 (0%) – 3 (3%)
Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors.
Total Points: 100
Name: NURS_5051_Module05_Week10_Assignment_Rubric

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