Sample PICOT Statement Paper

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The first step of the evidence-based practice process is to evaluate a nursing practice environment to identify a nursing problem in the clinical area. When a nursing problem is discovered, the nurse researcher develops a clinical guiding question to address that nursing practice problem.

For this assignment, you will create a clinical guiding question known as a PICOT question. The PICOT question must be relevant to a nursing practice problem. To support your PICOT question, identify six supporting peer-revised research articles, as indicated below. The PICOT question and six peer-reviewed research articles you choose will be utilized for subsequent assignments.

PICOT Statement Paper

Patients face a significant risk of Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs). HCAIs, also known as nosocomial infections, are infections acquired in hospitals and care facilities. The infections are caused by viral, bacterial, and fungal pathogens and first, appear 48 hours or more after hospital admission or within 30 days of receiving care. HCAIs constitute a significant safety concern for both health care providers and patients. The US Center for Disease Control and Prevention identifies that nearly 1.7 million hospitalized patients annually acquire HCAIs while being treated for other health issues and that more than 98,000 patients die due to these infections. Studies show that HCAIs prevalence rates range from 4.6% to 9.3%, with the ICU having a higher prevalence rate of up to 16%.  Patients are highly susceptible to infections in the ICUs due to diminished immune systems, cross-contamination between patients and nurses, infections to surgery sites (SSIs) and implants, and prostheses, which could include bloodstream infections.

Antibiotics, the primary mode of treating and managing infections surmount to a high cost of healthcare. Secondly, despite the intensive approaches to address HCAIs, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and poor implementation of best practice by nurses makes HCAIs one of the biggest causes of death and an increase in healthcare costs. It is essential to establish frameworks that reduce the occurrence of HCAIs among ICU patients who are susceptible and hugely affected. Studies suggest the use of simple infection control procedures coupled with routine educational interventions for healthcare professionals.

PICOT Statement

Studies indicate that the risk for HCAIs is high for patients in ICUs. ICU patients are highly susceptible due to low immune systems, cross contaminations, surgical sites, and wounds. Hence, the study focuses on a population of ICU patients.

Population– ICU patients- This includes the patients held in ICUs; as a result of their condition.

Intervention– the proposed intervention will be routine educational initiatives for nurses on managing and controlling infections coupled with simple infection control procedures.

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Comparison- The comparison will be made on the clinical outcomes obtained after routinely training the nurses on infection prevention and management compare to using simple infection control procedures such as washing hands.

Outcomes– the expected results include a reduced occurrence of HCAIs infections, reduced costs of healthcare, and improved patient safety. The routine training is expected to reduce the number and instances of HCAIs infections, and subsequently reduce costs of healthcare and improve the safety of employees.

Time– over three months.

For ICU patients (P), will routine educational initiatives for nurses on managing and controlling infections coupled the with simple infection control procedures (I), in comparison to the use of simple infections control procedures solely (C), lead to a reduced occurrence of HCAIs infections, reduced costs of healthcare and improved patient safety (0) over a period of three months (T).

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Literature Evaluation Table

Criteria Article 1 Article 2 Article 3 Article 4 Article 5 Article 6
Author , journal Currie, K., Melone, L., Stewart, S., King, C., Holopainen, A., Clark, A. M., & Reilly, J.. American Journal of infection control46(8), 936-942. Russo, P. L., Havers, S. M., Cheng, A. C., Richards, M., Graves, N., & Hall, L. (2016). A qualitative study. American journal of infection control44(12), 1505-1510. Krein, S. L., Harrod, M., Collier, S., Davis, K. K., Rolle, A. J., Fowler, K. E., & Mody, L. (2017). A national collaborative approach to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections in nursing homes: A qualitative assessment. American journal of infection control45(12), 1342-1348. Rutala, W. A., Kanamori, H., Gergen, M., Sickbert-Bennett, E., Knelson, L. P., Chen, L. F., … & Weber, D. infectious diseases (Vol. 4, No. suppl_1, pp. S192-S192). US: Oxford University Press. Reynolds, K. A., & Canales, R. A. (2016).. American Journal of Infection Control, 44(6), S4-S5. Patel, P. K., Greene, M. T., Jones, K., Rolle, A. J., Ratz, D., Snyder, A., … & Chopra, V. (2019).. Annals of Internal Medicine171(7_Supplement), S23-S29.
Article title and year published (2018). Understanding the patient experience of health care–associated infection: a qualitative systematic review Characteristics of national and statewide health care–associated infection surveillance programs: 2016 (2017). A national collaborative approach to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections in nursing homes (2017, October). Quantitative Analysis of Microbial Burden on Hospital Room Environmental Surfaces Contributing to Healthcare-Associated Infections. In Open forum Quantitative Risk Modeling of Healthcare Acquired Infections and Interventions Using Baseline Data and Simple Models Quantitative Results of a National Intervention to Prevent Central Line–Associated Bloodstream Infection: A Pre–Post Observational Study
Research questions and purposes/aim of the study To develop acceptable, effective interventions, greater understanding of patients’ experience of HAI is needed. The aim of this study was to broaden our understanding and identify key characteristics of large HAISPs. to understand implementation successes and challenges and experiences of participants involved in the program We have conducted a research project to evaluate the microbiota of the eye washers present in several buildings across Michigan State University’s campus.   To evaluate the impact of a multimodal intervention in hospitals with elevated rates of health care–associated infection
Design Qualitative Qualitative Qualitative Quantitative Quantitative Quantitative
Setting Seventeen studies (2001-2017) from 5 countries addressing 5 common types of HAI met the inclusion criteria.     Microbiological samples were collected from high-frequency-touch hospital room surfaces using Rodac plates (25 cm2/plate) in rooms after terminal room disinfection   Acute care, long-term acute care, and critical access hospitals, including intensive care units and medical/surgical wards
Methods intervention/Instruments The Noblit and Hare (1988) approach to meta-synthesis was adopted. Semi-structured interviews to understand implementation successes and challenges and experiences of participants involved in the program     A Pre–Post Observational Study
Analysis To investigate contemporary patient experience in an era of antimicrobial resistance is warranted. Although the overall goal of health care–associated infection surveillance is to reduce the incidence of health care–associated infection, there are many crucial factors to be considered in attaining this goal. to understand implementation successes and challenges and experiences of participants involved in the program  As you continue, premiumacademicaffiates.com has the top and most qualified writers to help with any of your assignments. All you need to do is place an order with us. (PICOT Statement Paper)    
Key findings Seventeen studies (2001-2017) from 5 countries addressing 5 common types of HAI met the inclusion criteria. Four interrelated themes emerged: the continuum of physical and emotional responses, experiencing the response of health care professionals, adapting to life with an HAI, and the complex cultural context of HAI. lthough the overall goal of health care–associated infection surveillance is to reduce the incidence of health care–associated infection, there are many crucial factors to be considered in attaining this goal. Collaborative are an important strategy.     In hospitals with a disproportionate burden of health care–associated infection, a multimodal intervention did not reduce rates of CLABS
Recommendations     Providing nursing homes with enhanced expertise and support to prevent HAIs and ensure resident safety      
How it supports project Helps in understanding the manifestation of HCIAs The findings from this study will assist the development of new HAISPs and could be used as an adjunct to evaluate existing program Supports the educational interventions suggested by the proposal     Helps understand the risk HCAIs pose.

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PICOT Statement Paper
PICOT Statement Paper

Paper details

The first step of the evidence-based practice process is to evaluate a nursing practice environment to identify a nursing problem in the clinical area. When a nursing problem is discovered, the nurse researcher develops a clinical guiding question to address that nursing practice problem.

For this assignment, you will create a clinical guiding question know as a PICOT question. The PICOT question must be relevant to a nursing practice problem. To support your PICOT question, identify six supporting peer-revised research articles, as indicated below. The PICOT question and six peer-reviewed research articles you choose will be utilized for subsequent assignments.

Use the \\\”Literature Evaluation Table\\\” to complete this assignment.

  1. Select a nursing practice problem of interest to use as the focus of your research. Start with the patient population and identify a clinical problem or issue that arises from the patient population. In 200–250 words, provide a summary of the clinical issue.
  2. Following the PICOT format, write a PICOT question in your selected nursing practice problem area of interest. The PICOT question should be applicable to your proposed capstone project (the project students must complete during their final course in the RN-BSN program of study).
  3. The PICOT question will provide a framework for your capstone project.
  4. Conduct a literature search to locate six research articles focused on your selected nursing practice problem of interest. This literature search should include three quantitative and three qualitative peer-reviewed research articles to support your nursing practice problem.

Note: To assist in your search, remove the words qualitative and quantitative and include words that narrow or broaden your main topic. For example: Search for diabetes and pediatric and dialysis. To determine what research design was used in the articles the search produced, review the abstract and the methods section of the article. The author will provide a description of data collection using qualitative or quantitative methods. Systematic Reviews, Literature Reviews, and Metanalysis articles are good resources and provide a strong level of evidence but are not considered primary research articles.  Therefore, they should not be included in this assignment.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are not required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.

Related FAQs

1. How do you write Picot?
The elements of a PICOT question are:
  1. P (Patient, population or problem) Who or what is the patient, population or problem in question?
  2. I (Intervention) What is the intervention (action or treatment) being considered?
  3. C (Comparison or control) 
  4. O (Outcome or objective) 
  5. T (Time frame)
2. What is the Picot method?
Abstract. Background: Many articles written about the PICOT (Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, Time) method for developing research questions focus on searching the existing evidence base to review the impact of interventions. The PICOT method evolved to craft questions that yield operative search terms.
 
3. What is the purpose of a Picot question?
The purpose of a PICOT question is simple: It is the mechanism to identify the terms to be used to search for the best evidence to answer a burning clinical question. In other words, the PICOT question is the search strategy. The search strategy leads to an unbiased and effective search.

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